Produced with the classic Jacquard loom, Damask is a single-coloured textured fabric with a shinymatt geometric or floral design. Typically this precious fabric does not have a right and a wrong side, but presents both sides perfectly finished (although conventionally the shiny background is considered as the right side).
Damascato on the other hand, is the damask fabric made with yarns of different colours, where the shiny-matt effect is expanded by the effect of the colours.
The traditional materials that are the most suitable for this precious fabric are fine fibres such as silk, Egyptian combed cotton and linen. However, cotton mixed with silk or artificial fibres also give great results.
The name “Damascus” comes from the eponymous city in Syria, which was a big producer and exporter in the twelfth century.
In Italy the first cities to produce it were Venice and Genoa.
In the seventeenth century it was decorated with threads of gold and silver and relief effects – which is how the brocade was then made. Since the nineteenth century, this fabric has been produced with Jacquard looms, with a significant decrease in execution times and costs.